Boniface VIII


Boniface VIII
(Benedetto Caetani; r. 1294-1303)
   Boniface's reign was filled with failed policies. He supported the restoration of Sicily to Charles II of Naples, but he was forced to accept its independence under Frederick of Aragon. He also failed in his mediation between Venice and Genoa in effecting Scotland's independence from England, and in securing the Hungarian crown for Charles I Carobert. He tried to end hostilities between France and England over the fiefs of Guienne and Gascony, but his efforts resulted in a major quarrel with Philip IV of France, whom he excommunicated in 1303. The pope was seized by Philip's advisor, Guillaume de Nogaret, the feudal Colonna family of Rome, and a group of mercenaries who expected him to resign, but the Roman populace came to his rescue. Boniface was able to continue his reign until his death thanks to the protection of the Orsini, staunch enemies of the Colonna. Boniface was the patron of Arnolfo di Cambio who designed his tomb in c. 1300. His portrait bust is the only piece of the tomb to have survived and is now housed in the Vatican grotto. Boniface also summoned Giotto to the Vatican to create a fresco (c. 1300), now badly damaged, depicting his addressing the crowds.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Boniface VIII —     Pope Boniface VIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface VIII     (BENEDETTO GAETANO)     Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He was the son of Loffred, a descendant of a noble family originally Spanish, but long… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BONIFACE VIII — Il est à la fois suggestif et déroutant d’observer comment les personnes deviennent, dans leur destin posthume, des personnages symboliques. L’historien a quelque peine à discerner, sous la matérialité des faits, les traits authentiques de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Boniface VIII — (Benedetto Caetani) c1235 1303, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1294 1303. * * * orig. Benedict Caetani born с 1235, Anagni, Papal States died Oct. 11, 1303, Rome Pope (1294–1303). Born into an influential Roman family, Caetani studied law in Bologna… …   Universalium

  • Boniface VIII — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boniface. Boniface VIII Pape de l’Église catholique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Boniface VIII — (c. 1234–1303)    Pope.    Boniface was born Benedict Gaetani in Angani, Italy. He was appointed Notary Apostolic to the Curia in 1276; he became a Cardinal in 1291 and he was elected Pope in 1294. His reign was dominated by the need for peace in …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Boniface VIII — noun pope who declared that Catholic princes are subject to the pope in temporal as well as in theological matters (1235 1303) • Syn: ↑Benedetto Caetani • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope, ↑pontiff, ↑Holy Father …   Useful english dictionary

  • Boniface VIII, Pope — • Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Boniface VIII —     Pope Boniface VIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface VIII     (BENEDETTO GAETANO)     Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He was the son of Loffred, a descendant of a noble family originally Spanish, but long… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Boniface VIII — Infobox pope English name=Boniface VIII birth name=Benedetto Caetani term start=December 24, 1294 term end=October 11, 1303 predecessor=Celestine V successor=Benedict XI birth date=c. 1235 birthplace= Anagni, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des cardinaux créés par Boniface VIII — Au cours de son pontificat de 1294 à 1303, le pape Boniface VIII a créé 15 cardinaux dans 5 consistoires. Sommaire 1 1295 2 17 décembre 1295 3 4 décembre 1298 4 2 mars …   Wikipédia en Français


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